Apostas Corridas De Cavalos

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What is Thrombosis?Thrombosis is a condition where a blood clot blocks the free circulation of blood. It is of two types based on the site of the clot. A clot in an artery is termed arterial thrombosis, and in veins, it is denoted as Venous Thrombosis. Venous Thrombosis is also called Deep Vein Thrombosis. It occurs when the clot is in one of the body's deep veins. It is usually found on the lower limb and pelvis; however, it can occur on any part of the body like the arm, lungs, kidney and even brain.  The clot interrupts the blood circulation partially or completely through the vein.Causes of DVTFractureTraumatic injury to vein may be or surgicalRestricted mobility as in bedridden casesObesityGenetic disordersSmokingCoagulation disordersLong term medications for hormonal therapy or Oral contraceptive pillsAutoimmune diseaseObesity Old ageSymptoms of DVTSymptoms are variable and may be presented with one or more which appear similar to any usual health concern, so ensure to consult your physician to rule out any complications.Oedema or swelling in the limbAching legs only on exertionTenderness or warmth on the swellingRedness of skin The veins appear prominent Pain in the calf or anterior aspect of the thighDisoriented speech or mentalityChest painLoss of sensationBreathlessness PalpitationExcruciating pain in the chest Fatigue on mild  exertionCough Profuse sweatingDiagnosisDiagnosis is based on the physical examination and medical history correlated with the other diagnostic investigations. This can be segmented as:Haematological Investigation: Complete routine blood testsD-Dimer test - a confirmatory test for the clotMagnetic Resonance Imaging to rule out Deep Vein Thrombosis in the abdominal region.Computed Topography to locate Deep vein thrombosis in abdomen and clots in the chest and thoracic region, and clots in lungs to rule out Pulmonary Embolism.Duplex Ultrasound  -  A series of USG done consecutively to assess the progress of blood clots.Venography to identify clots.Treatment for Deep Vein ThrombosisThe treatment modality depends on age, health condition and medical history, tolerance to drug therapy, and Prognosis.Treatment is prioritised to: Inhibit the expansion of the clot Inhibit the clot movement to lungs on the breakdown Hamper the relapse of another Deep Vein ThrombosisAnticoagulant Drugs:  To inhibit the expansion and movement of drugs.Compression Stockings: Wear below the knee as a symptomatic treatment to shrink the swelling.Vena Cava Filters: An implant is used to prevent the lodging of blood clots to the lungs to avoid Pulmonary Embolism. Complications of Deep Vein ThrombosisStroke Cardiac ArrestPrevention of Deep Vein ThrombosisPostoperative physiotherapy and exercises according to the guidance.Physical activityExercising your legs during long tripsLifestyle modificationMaintain optimum body weight.Management of other comorbid conditions like Diabetes, hyperlipidaemia and Hypertension ConclusionDeep Vein Thrombosis can be fatal. Timely treatment intervention can prevent the escalation of this condition to stroke or cardiac arrest. If you encounter any of the symptoms, immediately contact your physician to rule out the complications.      

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